Der Minotauros ist eine Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie: ein Wesen mit menschlichem Körper und Stierkopf. Der Minotauros (auch Minotaurus, altgriechisch Μινώταυρος Minṓtauros, lateinisch Minotaurus, deutsch Minotaur) ist eine Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie. Der Minotaurus ist eine stierköpfige Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie. Wir erklären die Sage und Geschichte rund um Minos, Theseus und den Minotaurus. Durch die göttliche Rache verliebte sich Minos' Gemahlin Pasiphae in den Stier. Aus dieser Verbindung gebar sie den Minotaurus, ein Ungeheuer mit. Eine der berühmtesten Legenden der kretischen Mythologie ist die des Minotaurus und seines Kampfs mit Theseus im dunklen Labyrinth. Dieser Mythos wir.
Der Minotaurus (griechisch: Μινώταυρος) war ein Mischwesen: Halb Stier, halb Mensch. Der Sage nach. Minotaurus: Der Minotaurus, jene legendäre Kreatur zur Hälfte Stier, zur Hälfte Mensch - wird auf Kreta als Gottheit verehrt und als Bestie. In griechischen Sagen war er ein brutales Mischwesen aus Mensch und Stier: der Minotaurus, gefangen in einem Labyrinth auf Kreta.
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Magic Maze On Mars. Minos was to sacrifice the bull to honor Poseidon, but owing to the bull's beauty he decided instead to keep him.
Minos believed that the god would accept a substitute sacrifice. The monstrous Minotaur was the result. As the unnatural offspring of a woman and a beast, the Minotaur had no natural source of nourishment and thus devoured humans for sustenance.
Minos, following advice from the oracle at Delphi , had Daedalus construct a gigantic labyrinth to hold the Minotaur. Its location was near Minos' palace in Knossos.
The Minotaur is commonly represented in Classical art with the body of a man and the head and tail of a bull.
According to Sophocles ' Trachiniai , when the river spirit Achelous seduced Deianira , one of the guises he assumed was a man with the head of a bull.
From Classical times through the Renaissance, the Minotaur appears at the center of many depictions of the Labyrinth.
Androgeus , son of Minos, had been killed by the Athenians , who were jealous of the victories he had won at the Panathenaic festival.
Others say he was killed at Marathon by the Cretan Bull, his mother's former taurine lover, who Aegeus , king of Athens, had commanded him to slay.
The common tradition holds that Minos waged and won a war to avenge the death of his son. Catullus , in his account of the Minotaur's birth,  refers to another version in which Athens was "compelled by the cruel plague to pay penalties for the killing of Androgeos.
Minos required that seven Athenian youths and seven maidens , drawn by lots, be sent every seventh or ninth year some accounts say every year  to be devoured by the Minotaur.
When the third sacrifice approached, Theseus volunteered to slay the monster. He promised his father, Aegeus, that he would put up a white sail on his journey back home if he was successful, but would have the crew put up black sails if he was killed.
In Crete, Minos' daughter Ariadne fell madly in love with Theseus and helped him navigate the labyrinth.
In most accounts she gave him a ball of thread, allowing him to retrace his path. Theseus killed the Minotaur with the sword of Aegeus and led the other Athenians back out of the labyrinth.
He neglected, however, to put up the white sail. King Aegeus, from his lookout on Cape Sounion , saw the black-sailed ship approach and, presuming his son dead, committed suicide by throwing himself into the sea that is since named after him.
The view of the Minotaur as the antagonist of Theseus reflects the literary sources, which are biased in favour of the Athenian perspectives.
The contest between Theseus and the Minotaur was frequently represented in Greek art. A Knossian didrachm exhibits on one side the labyrinth, on the other the Minotaur surrounded by a semicircle of small balls, probably intended for stars; one of the monster's names was Asterion "star".
While the ruins of Minos' palace at Knossos were discovered, the labyrinth never was. The multiplicity of rooms, staircases and corridors in the palace has led some archaeologists to suggest that the palace itself was the source of the labyrinth myth, an idea that is now generally discredited.
Some modern mythologists regard the Minotaur as a solar personification and a Minoan adaptation of the Baal - Moloch of the Phoenicians.
The slaying of the Minotaur by Theseus in that case indicates the breaking of Athenian tributary relations with Minoan Crete.
According to A. Cook , Minos and Minotaur were different forms of the same personage, representing the sun-god of the Cretans, who depicted the sun as a bull.
He and J. Pottier, who does not dispute the historical personality of Minos, in view of the story of Phalaris , considers it probable that in Crete where a bull cult may have existed by the side of that of the labrys victims were tortured by being shut up in the belly of a red-hot brazen bull.
The story of Talos , the Cretan man of brass , who heated himself red-hot and clasped strangers in his embrace as soon as they landed on the island, is probably of similar origin.
A historical explanation of the myth refers to the time when Crete was the main political and cultural potency in the Aegean Sea.
As the fledgling Athens and probably other continental Greek cities was under tribute to Crete, it can be assumed that such tribute included young men and women for sacrifice.
This ceremony was performed by a priest disguised with a bull head or mask, thus explaining the imagery of the Minotaur. Once continental Greece was free from Crete's dominance, the myth of the Minotaur worked to distance the forming religious consciousness of the Hellene poleis from Minoan beliefs.
A scientific interpretation also exists. Citing early descriptions of the minotaur by Callimachus as being entirely focused on the "cruel bellowing" it made from its underground labyrinth and the extensive tectonic activity in the region, science journalist Matt Kaplan has theorised that the myth may well stem from geology.
Dante and Virgil encounter the beast first among the "men of blood": those damned for their violent natures. Some commentators believe that Dante, in a reversal of classical tradition, bestowed the beast with a man's head upon a bull's body,  though this representation had already appeared in the Middle Ages.
In these lines, Virgil taunts the Minotaur in order to distract him, and reminds the Minotaur that he was killed by Theseus the Duke of Athens with the help of the monster's half-sister Ariadne.
The Minotaur is the first infernal guardian whom Virgil and Dante encounter within the walls of Dis.
Giovanni Boccaccio writes of the Minotaur in his literary commentary of the Commedia: "When he had grown up and become a most ferocious animal, and of incredible strength, they tell that Minos had him shut up in a prison called the labyrinth, and that he had sent to him there all those whom he wanted to die a cruel death".
Virgil and Dante then pass quickly by to the centaurs Nessus, Chiron, Pholus, and Nessus who guard the Flegetonte "river of blood" , to continue through the seventh Circle.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Creature of Greek mythology. This article is about the mythological monster.
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Minotaur bust, National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Theseus and the Minotaur, attic black-figure kylix tondo, ca.
Theseus and the Minotaur. Detail from an Attic black-figure amphora, ca.Detail from an Attic black-figure amphora, ca. IV, pl. Get away, you beast, for this man does not come tutored by your sister; he Kleiner Gmbh to view your punishments. Some modern mythologists regard the Minotaur as a solar personification and a Bei Mir adaptation of the Baal - Moloch of 2000 Jetzt Spiele Phoenicians. Letter Box. Some commentators believe that Dante, in Minotaurus reversal of classical tradition, bestowed the beast with a man's head upon a bull's body,  though Minotaurus representation had already appeared in the Middle Ages. Once continental Greece was free from Crete's dominance, the myth of the Minotaur worked to distance the forming religious consciousness please click for source the Hellene poleis from Minoan beliefs. Download as PDF Printable version. Boomerang: Australia [1 note]. There she conceived and bore three sons, Minos, Sarpedon and Rhadamanthys. In griechischen Sagen war er ein brutales Mischwesen aus Mensch und Stier: der Minotaurus, gefangen in einem Labyrinth auf Kreta. Die Minotaurus-Sage steht mit anderen Sagen in enger Verbindung, so etwa mit der Sage der Europa, der Dädalus-Sage und der Theseus-Sage. Der Minotaurus (griechisch: Μινώταυρος) war ein Mischwesen: Halb Stier, halb Mensch. Der Sage nach. Minotaurus: Der Minotaurus, jene legendäre Kreatur zur Hälfte Stier, zur Hälfte Mensch - wird auf Kreta als Gottheit verehrt und als Bestie. Minotaurus, der. Grammatik Eigenname (Maskulinum) · Genitiv Singular: Minotaurus · Nominativ Plural: Minotauren. Worttrennung.